DIABETES AND FOOT CARE

Diabetes is very common among the population. Lack of physical activity, abundance in resources, and high-calorie food of modern life are one of the most important causes of this epidemic.

diabet ve ayak bakımı

The most common complication of diabetes is foot ulcers, so patients should take proper care of their feet. Foot ulcers occur in 20% of patients with diabetes. Ignoring this problem can result in losing a finger or toe.

Circulatory disorders in capillaries observed in diabetic patients can cause foot ulcers. However, circulatory disorders in capillaries mainly result in the slow healing of ulcers. Neuropathy in people with diabetes is the main cause of foot ulcers. Sensation disorders that start as burning, chills, tingling, and mild pain are gradually replaced by complete loss of sensations.

As a result of neuropathy;

  • Feeling of a hot environment, uncomfortable shoes, small strokes disappear; a person feels nothing, stops taking precautions which leads to ulcers. Tissues open to infections.
  • Foot deformity appears as a result of muscles, tendons, and joints weakening. This increases the risk of callus formation in the areas under pressure.
  • Corns significantly increase the risk of ulceration. Wounds can be formed on the foot tissue under the hard callus. In the lower layers of the callus, wounds may remain hidden for a long time and cause additional infection because the callus hides the wound.

To avoid diabetes-induced foot problems you need to consider the following.diabetik ayak bakımı

  • Proper blood glucose monitoring can prevent neuropathy. Even if neuropathy occurs, its course can be significantly slowed down.
  • If neuropathy is detected and there is a loss of pain, you should visually examine your feet every day. In the case of the slightest scar, scratch, bruise, discoloration, measures should be taken immediately.
  • It is very important for diabetic patients to choose the right shoes. Tight-fitting shoes can damage the foot. Tight or rubbing shoes may unnoticeably cause injuries, as sensations are dulled. New shoes should be worn from time to time to gradually get softer. Sport shoes with soft air-cushion support are preferable. Pointed narrow shoes should be avoided. Ideally, you need to determine the pressure points of the foot and choose shoes respectively.
  • Injuries caused when cutting nails are slow to heal. Therefore, utmost care should be taken. Toenails need to be trimmed carefully not to cause bleeding. Avoid pedicure. Make sure to get medical foot care regularly.
  • Do not neglect foot hygiene. If possible, wash your feet with warm water and soap every evening and dry them well especially between your toes. Avoid dry skin and cracking of your feet, apply suitable moisturizers. Wear seamless cotton socks with high breathability. Socks with seams can cause ulceration.
  • Do not walk barefoot. Even at home, wear closed slippers.
  • If a callus is formed, it should be removed only by medical intervention. Never use razors, scissors, or acidic products to remove corns.

In case of open diabetic ulcer immediately consult a doctor, so that care and healing of ulcer is supervised by a specialist.