TREATMENT OF DARK CIRCLES UNDER THE EYES
The eyes have an influence on how a person's face is perceived. When our eyes and the area around them are healthy we look younger and fresher.
An unhealthy, emaciated, or sunken area around the eyes can make us look older than our age. In our culture, the beauty of the eyes is closely related to the very concept of beauty. Eyes are most often mentioned in folk songs, and the owners of beautiful eyes to whom these songs are dedicated, conquer hearts and drive crazy with their eyes that seem to be the main container of beauty.
As we age the appearance of the eyes may deteriorate ...
Dark circles? Sagging and hollowness may appear in the area around the eyes. Fortunately, the dark circle problem can be largely addressed with the cosmetic and aesthetic industry today.
In our clinic, various treatments are used to treat dark circles under the eyes, such as under-eye fillers, laser, mesotherapy, radiofrequency and chemical peels. Before moving on to treatment methods let's answer some frequently asked questions about dark circles under the eyes:
Why do dark circles appear under the eyes?
Dark circles can be caused by a variety of reasons. The choice of methods for treating dark circles under the eyes is determined by these reasons.
1- Genetic factors
Dark spots under the eyes are often associated with “too much work”, “lack of sleep” or fatigue. Despite the frequency of each of these causes, genetic factors are still the main cause of dark circles under the eyes.
The skin around the eyes is called periorbital skin. The peculiarity of this skin is that it is quite thin compared to the skin in other parts of our body.
While the skin in other parts of our body averages 2 mm thick, the skin around the eyes is only 0.5 mm thick.
The fact that the skin is so thin makes the veins under the skin more visible.
In fact, if our skin were 0.5 mm thick in other parts of our body, our veins would be visible and therefore dark circles would appear in those areas as well.
2- Age factor
The incidence of dark circles under the eyes increases in the elderly. The reason for this situation is that with age, the skin loses lipids, collagen, and elasticity and gradually becomes thinner.
As our skin becomes thinner dark circles appear.
3- Periorbital pigmentation
Periorbital pigmentation occurs in people with darker skin and leads to darkening of the skin color under the eyes as a result of increased pigmentation in this area.
4- Fatigue and insomnia
- When we get tired, the level of the chemical cortisol (stress hormone) in our body rises.
- Increased cortisol levels increase our energy levels and thus our body tries to keep us on our feet in response to fatigue.
- Cortisol increases blood pressure in the veins. This causes the veins under the eyes to expand, like many veins in our body.
- As the veins expand the areas around the eyes become more visible, and we perceive the veins under the eyes that have become more visible, like dark circles under the eyes.
- Not getting enough sleep also causes dark circles under the eyes due to high blood pressure and constant fatigue throughout the day.
5- Allergic diseases
In addition to allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and sinusitis, allergic conjunctivitis which usually recurs and is common in the community, can also cause dark circles under the eyes.
Household dust, pollen, or pets are among the indirect causes of dark circles under the eyes.
Smoking, drinking alcohol, and caffeine
Frequent consumption of cigarettes, alcohol and caffeinated foods can also cause dark circles under the eyes. Smoking deprives the body of oxygen, alcohol, and caffeine reduce the amount of water in the body, making the veins under the eyes more visible.
Deficiencies in vitamins B12, C, K, and E can cause dark circles under the eyes in some cases.
Are dark circles under the eyes a symptom of a medical condition?
If you have dark circles under your eyes, this is usually due to genetic factors. This is a cosmetic issue that does not affect your physical health. However, in rare cases, discoloration of the skin around the holes can be caused by various health problems listed below, or by some special periods.
- Any discomfort or surgery in the nasal area, mainly sinusitis, and nose surgery.
- Special conditions that affect hormone levels, such as pregnancy and the menstrual cycle.
- Anemia or circulatory disorders.
- In addition to allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and sinusitis there is allergic conjunctivitis which usually recurs and is common in humans.
- Diseases associated with the kidneys.
Which doctor should you go to if you have dark circles under your eyes?
For diagnosis and treatment, it is necessary to visit the dermatological department. However, in rare cases, your dermatologist may suspect an underlying pathological cause of dark circles. In this case, the dermatologist will refer you to the appropriate department.
What methods are used to treat dark circles under the eyes?
If the factor causing the dark circles under the eyes is not identified the chances of successful treatment will be lower. Below we have tried to present the different treatment options.
1- Fillers under the eyes
An under-eye filler is a product composed of hyaluronic acid, various minerals, antioxidants, and vitamins. The injection of this product based on hyaluronic acid naturally found in our body is often sufficient to treat dark circles under the eyes.
Fillers have been used to treat dark circles under the eyes of hundreds of thousands of people around the world over the past 10 years. The procedure takes approximately 20 minutes.
Since the product contains a local anesthetic, there is minimal pain during administration. Blunt cannulas that do not pierce the skin like needles are used to inject filler into the under-eye area as this area is anatomically very complex and characterized by thin skin. The effect lasts from 9 to 12 months.
You may find some of our before and after results, below;
2- Q-Switch NdYag Laser
It is used in cases where the main cause of bruising under the eyes is an increase in color (pigmentation) of the skin under the eyes, that is, colored skin cells arise from an increase in melanocytes.
The 532 nm and 1064 nm Q-Switch NdYag lasers use very high energy. Thanks to these properties it is effective in removing dark circles and spots under the eyes.
The course of treatment consists of 6-8 sessions with an interval of 1-2 weeks. Each session lasts approximately 5 minutes.
3- Chemical peeling
Chemical peeling is the process of exfoliating the uppermost layer of the skin by applying an acidic solution to it. Thus, the skin that appears underneath looks healthier and fresher. The effect of color correction and skin lightening by chemical peeling is also used in the treatment of dark circles under the eyes.
Peeling is applied to the upper and lower eyelids. Usually, the treatment is not applied alone. It is used as a supportive treatment in conjunction with under-eye fillers or the Q-SwitchNdYag laser. Depending on the condition of the bruises, 3-8 sessions are performed with an interval of 2-4 weeks.